Below are the 7 drug categories of the drug evaluation and classification (DEC) program employed by drug recognition experts in DUI cases. DREs classify drugs in one of seven categories: Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants, CNS Stimulants, Hallucinogens, Phencyclidine (PCP) and its analogs, Narcotic Analgesics, Inhalants, and Cannabis. Drugs from each of these categories can affect a person's central nervous system and impair a person's normal faculties, including a person's ability to safely operate a motor vehicle.
CATEGORIES OF DRUGS THAT DRES TRY TO IDENTIFY IN GEORGIA DUI DRUGS LESS SAFE CASES
1. CNS DEPRESSANTS AND GA DUI DRUGS CHARGES
CNS depressants “slow” down a person's brain and central nervous system. Alcohol is the most prominent CNS depressant. Other popular CNS depressants include anti-anxiety tranquilizers, anti-depressants, anti-psychotic tranquilizers and various derivatives of barbituric acid. It seems anomalous to classify “anti-depressants” as depressants; however, medical doctors, toxicologists and DREs generally classify drugs according to their effect on the brain and body, not their effect on mood. Specific drugs include Xanax,Valium, Rohypnol, Halcion, Soma, and GHB.
2. CNS STIMULANTS AND GA DUI DRUGS CHARGES
CNS stimulants “speed up” a person's mind and central nervous system. Cocaine and methamphetamine are the two most commonly abused stimulants. Ritalin, Cylert, ephedrine, and caffeine are other well-known stimulants.
3. HALLUCINOGENS AND GA DUI DRUGS CHARGES
Hallucinogens impair a user's ability to perceive reality by distorting perceptions of sight, sound, touch and odors.They may even cause “synesthesia,” a phenomenon where a person “mixes” the senses. For example, the person may “see” sounds or “hear” colors.This category includes natural substances like peyote, psilocybin and morning glory seeds, as well as synthetic substances like lysergic acid (LSD) and Ecstasy (MDMA).
4. PCP (AND ITS ANALOGS) AND GA DUI DRUGS CHARGES
PCP and its analogs, including Ketamine, are “dissociative anesthetics.”They are extremely dangerous. People under the influence of PCP may be very violent.
5. NARCOTIC ANALGESICS AND GA DUI CHARGES
Narcotic analgesics include opiate class drugs and similar synthetic drugs. Most prescription painkillers are narcotic analgesics.This category includes heroin, morphine, codeine, methadone, Oxycontin,Vicodin, Percodan, Fentanyl, Dilaudid, and Demerol. Narcotic analgesics are the only drugs that routinely constrict a person's pupils. Narcotic analgesics are highly addictive.
6. INHALANTS AND GA DUI CHARGES
Named for their primary method of ingestion, inhalants are breathable chemicals, including volatile solvents, propellant gases or aerosols and some anesthetic gases.This group includes glue, gasoline, paint thinner, hair spray, insecticides, nitrous oxide (“laughing gas”), amyl nitrite, and ether. Some solvents, like aerosols and anesthetic gases are extremely fast acting, short duration substances, while others, including volatile solvents, may produce effects for several hours.
7. CANNABIS AND GA DUI CHARGES
Cannabis is the scientific name for marijuana.The active ingredient in cannabis is delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.This category includes cannabinoids and synthetics like dronabinol.